M-health is mobile health is a general term for the use of mobile phones and other wireless technology in medical care. (T. (2011, March). For an example: a Fitbit, it is a device that monitors your sleep and calories burned. (Chandler, N. (2016, October 5). My presentation focused more on the technical side of how it works and what it needs to be brought into effect in a low-income country. The majority of my presentation was based on a study or review on the effects of M-health devices in low-income countries and went into a bit of detail about how it communicates through one or two way messaging. M-health is particular effective is because of the popular use of cellphones and that the population is quite dense in the underserved areas. Uses SMS or text messaging to give reminders about appointments or checkups for patients and it had a positive effect on people who were patients. (One way communication) Example: “South Africa had a higher rate of tuberculous compliances and in a Thai study showed higher check- in rates.”(Kallander, K. (2015, January). Two-way communication is the same thing as one way communication but allows more interaction between the end user and the source. Example: “accurate data collection, analysis, and communication” (Kallander, K. (2015, January). This study had drawbacks and the most important ones are: financial planning, cultural contexts, introducing the population to use the phone, and illiteracy. These issues have to be solved first before it can be introduced into a country that needs these mobile applications, the government has to also see it as an priority and tailoring it to the population of that specific area. (Kallander, K. (2015, January).
For the future it is an industry that will expand from $4.8m billion (2015) to a $60 billion industry by 2023. (W. (2016, September 26). The network for the study was 2 t o2.5 g and it is expected that the network will be able to upgrade to 3 to 4g network coverage allowing for a versatile way of delivering reminders and introduce video conferences with rural health centers and health care professionals. (W. (2016, September 26). Through the inevitable innovations of M-health technologies it will change the way telemedicine or healthcare systems are right now; currently it is only able to give reminders and advise people to come in and get there vaccinations. Hopefully emerging nations or countries will be able to benefit from these technologies and other emerging nation’s governments will see this as good thing to help its citizens and its own country to grow.
There is a question that was not clearly defined in my presentation and is that we use these devices to improve our own health because it is an option not a requirement, compared to emerging nations. They (the nations) need the M-health as a foundation for the country to get a handle on its medical system and from this foundation it is the intended idea for them to start a change in their country or nation.
- Istepanian, R., & Lacal, J. (2003, September 17-21). Emerging mobile communication technologies for health: Some imperative notes on m-health. Emerging Mobile Communication Technologies for Health: Some Imperative Notes on M-health. doi:10.1109/IEMBS.2003.1279581
- Kallander, K. (2015, January). Mobile Health (mHealth) A pproaches and Lessons for Increased Performance and Retention of Community Health Workers in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Review. Mobile Health (mHealth) Approaches and Lessons for Increased Performance and Retention of Community Health Workers in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Review, 15. doi:10.2196/jmir.2130
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- (2011, March). What is M-Health. Retrieved September 27, 2016, from http://searchhealthit.techtarget.com/definition/mHealth
- (2016, September 26). MHealth Market size forecast to grow with 30% CAGR to surpass $60bn by 2023: Global Market Insights Inc. Retrieved September 26, 2016, from http://www.wdrb.com/story/33231023/mhealth-market-size-forecast-to-grow-with-30-cagr-to-surpass-60bn-by-2023-global-market-insights-inc
W. (Director). (2008, February 21). GPS Tracking via GPRS (Phone) [Video file]. In YouTube’ Retrieved October 4, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zOv4Vjv5zU