Blog 1 (Fall 2016) – Environmental Management, by Haylee Mariucci

Environmental management is a big problem throughout the entire world but especially in developing countries. Smaller countries are becoming urbanized very quickly and with this urbanization many environmental problems are arising. Problems so severe that environmental issues are leading to many deaths, diseases, and disabilities. “Over the next 30 years, most of the world’s population growth will occur in the urban areas of poor countries. Rapid, unplanned and, unsustainable styles of urban development are making developing cities the key focal points for emerging environmental and health hazards” (World Health Organization).
The global factors arising throughout developing countries are air pollution, water quality and water scarcity, waste management, climate change, and loss of natural habitats and biodiversity (Houghton). Air pollution in urbanized cities is caused from vehicles, industries, and energy production. In an article from the World Health Organization air pollution it states air pollution is the cause of 800,000 deaths annually (World Health Organization). Another form of air pollution is indoor air pollution. People rely on coal in the form of wood, dung, and crops. These materials are burned indoors and people inside (usually women and children) are exposed to the dangerous smoke and toxins. There are many illnesses that are caused from indoor air pollution (Ezzati).
Water quality is one of the biggest environmental problems faced by developing countries. Poor quality of drinking water and improper disposal of wastewater are the two main factors that contribute to water quality (Markandya). Developing countries are also effected by waste management. Throughout developing countries there is low collection coverage, irregular collection services, crude open dumping and burning without regulations, breeding of flies, mosquitoes, vermin, and picking and scavenging activities Aside from these problems there are silent problems such as tourist and official visits being affected by waste management and also foreign investments (Ogawa).
Climate change is a global issue and developed countries are the countries that contribute to climate change the most, yet it’s the undeveloped and developing countries that experience the most effects of climate change. The last factor that I am going to talk about is the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity. Cities and towns are expanding at a rapid rate and the more they become more urbanized the habitat lessen and even becomes extinct. Natural habitats are being destroyed form energy, agriculture, and fishing needs. Forests and jungles are being cleared for fields needed for farming, Wetlands, now dried, are being filled with houses. Also, damns are being built to change the natural flow of river to better suit certain populations.
One of the only solutions we need to get to is, to strive for is sustainability. Many articles and studies I’ve looked at have said sustainability is one of the best things we can do stop air pollution, water quality and water scarcity, waste management, climate change, and loss of natural habitats and biodiversity. So why aren’t we striving for this? When you look around the world it seems like people know what we have to do but nobody is willingly to change. Environmental management is a global issue and is effecting each and every person on this planet. Developing countries are being majorly effected by the factors but together as a planet we need to come together and look at sustainable solutions because before we know it, it’ll be too late.
Citations
Anil Markandya. WATER QUALITY ISSUES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES 1(n.d.): n. pag. Policydialouge.org. Mar. 2004. Web. Sept. 2016.
Blacksmith Institute. “The Hidden Tragedy Pollution in the World.” (n.d.): n. pag. Blacksmith Institute. Web. 11 Sept. 2016.
“Environment and Health in Developing Countries.” World Health Organization. WHO, n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2016.
Ezzati, M. “Indoor Air Pollution/Developing Countries.” International Encyclopedia of Public Health (2008): 547-53. World Health Organization. Web. 11 Sept. 2016.
Houghton, John W. “ICT and the Environment in Developing Countries: A Review of Opportunities and Developments.” IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology What Kind of Information Society? Governance, Virtuality, Surveillance, Sustainability, Resilience (2010): 236-47. Recd.org. Oct. 2009. Web. 11 Sept. 2016.
Ogawa, Hisashi. “Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries.” Gdrc.orf. N.p., n.d. Web. Sept. 2016.

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